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Cabbage


Cabbage is a hardy, easy-to-grow vegetable that can be grown in the spring or fall in Kansas. Most varieties are green, but some produce a red head. It can be stored for long periods or made into sauerkraut. Cabbage is intolerant of summer heat.

Cabbage Varieties:
Conquest, Headstart, Cheers, Green Boy Golden Acre, Dynasty series, and similar early varieties. Green headed varieties with crinkled or savoyed leaves include Savoy King and Vanguard. Red headed varieties include Red Head, Red Acre Regal Red, and Red Dynasty.

When to Plant:
Set cabbage plants in late March to early April or in early August for a fall planting. Direct-seeded cabbage can be planted in early July. Cabbage is easily transplanted by choosing stocky, dark green plants with strong root systems.

Spacing:
Cabbage plants should be spaced 12-18 inches apart in at least 3-4 foot rows. Closer spacing will result in smaller, but more numerous heads.

Care:
Fertilize cabbage with a starter fertilizer when setting out plants, and side dress every 2-3 weeks during the growing season. Cultivate carefully to avoid damaging shallow roots. Irrigation is critical when heads are small and enlarging.

Harvest:
Cabbage is ready for harvest when the head is fully formed and dense. This can be judged by pressing or squeezing the head to indicate firmness. Waiting too long may result in heads that split, especially after rainfall or irrigation.